The Stages of Periodontal Disease

Posted .

Three out of four people have warning signs of periodontal disease, and most don’t even know it. The best way to prevent gum disease is to keep your dental appointments and cleanings regular and consistent. It is also important that you stay informed on the signs and stages of periodontal disease, which are as follows:



  • Gums have healthy pink color
  • Gum line hugs teeth tightly
  • No bleeding


  • Gums bleed easily when you brush or when probed gently during examination
  • Gums are inflamed and sensitive to touch
  • Possible bad breath and bad taste
  • Gums between teeth may look bluish-red in color

Early Periodontitis or Periodontal Pockets

  • Gums may begin to pull away from the teeth
  • Bleeding, puffiness, and inflammation more pronounced
  • Bad breath and bad taste
  • Slight loss of bone, horizontally on x-ray
  • Pockets of 3-4 mm between teeth and gums in one or more areas of the mouth

Moderate Periodontitis

  • Gum boils or abscesses may develop
  • Teeth look longer as gums begin to recede
  • Front teeth may begin to drift, showing spaces
  • Bad breath, bad taste
  • Both horizontal and angular bone loss on x-ray
  • Pockets between teeth and gum range from 4-6 mm deep

Advanced Periodontitis

  • Teeth may become mobile or loose
  • Bad breath, bad taste are constant
  • Roots may be exposed and are sensitive to hot and cold
  • Severe horizontal and angular bone loss on x-ray
  • Pockets between teeth and gum now in excess of 6 mm deep

For more information about periodontal disease, talk to your dental team. They will be able to inform you about prevention, identify which stage you may be in, and develop a treatment plan if necessary to keep your teeth and gums healthy.